Respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms is a basic condition for the well-functioning of every pore in society. The protection of these rights is an obligation of each state and each individual. Not only are human rights protected by state acts, they are also protected by numerous international acts, most of which are directly applicable also in Kosovo.
– The Constitution of Kosovo – is the highest legal act in the country, which in Chapter II and III foresees some of the basic rights of each person. Apart from the Constitution, fundamental rights and freedoms are foreseen by laws and sub-legal acts in Kosovo and all laws must be in accordance with the Constitution. The Constitution of Kosovo also stipulates that human rights and freedoms guaranteed by international treaties and instruments are directly applicable in Kosovo and have precedence over the provisions of laws and other acts of public institutions, and these include:
– Universal Declaration of Human Rights – This Declaration was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 10, 1948 at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris.
– European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and its Protocols – This is a document issued by the Council of Europe which entered into force on September 3, 1953.
– International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its Protocols – This document was issued by the United Nations General Assembly on December 16, 1966 and has entered into force on March 26, 1976.
– The Council of Europe’s Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities – This document was adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe
– Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination – is a convention of United Nations which entered into force on January 4, 1969 in New York.
– Convention on the Rights of the Child – is a United Nations Convention signed on November 20, 1989 and has entered into force on September 2, 1990.
– Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhumane or Degrading Treatment or Punishment – This Convention was signed in New York and entered into force on June 26, 1987.